An inside that is full of art
The inside of Casa Batlló is a marvel of design. Gaudí collaborated with the very best artisans of the time, working with wrought iron, wood, stained glass, ceramic tiles and stone ornaments, among others.
When touring the house, its details never cease to amaze. Doors leading to the different apartments are identified by letters with modernist traits. The windows of each landing distort the tiles of the patio of lights, transforming them into beautiful ripples of water. The doorknobs and banisters have ergonomic shapes… It is a true work of art, in which the artist has been involved in each and every aspect: design, colour, shape, space and light.
This exuberance will never cease to amaze you, but the most surprising thing is that it is always based on functionality. Beauty and function come together in each corner of the building, from the entrance hall to the roof terrace.
The Entrance Hall
The communal entrance hall on the ground floor leads to the Batlló family’s private entrance hall, through an impressive modernist grid. This is the first stop of the visit. This space evokes an underwater environment, transporting visitors to the fantastic world of Jules Verne, with skylights that resemble turtle shells, vaulted walls with curved shapes and a spectacular wooden staircase. The carved banister, made from hardwood, represents the backbone of a huge animal, raising through impossible spaces.
The Noble Floor
The Noble Floor is at the very heart of the house, with a unique hall that represents the maximum expression of modernism, explaining how the bourgeoisie of the time lived.
The first room we reach on this floor is Mr Batlló’s study and an interesting mushroom-shaped fireplace. This leads to the house’s main living room, where a large picture window takes centre stage, forming a gallery onto Paseo de Gracia, which is ideal to see and be seen. Among other elements, the huge oak doors are particularly noteworthy, with organic shapes into which Gaudí incorporated stained glass panes and a totally wavy ceiling, which evokes the strength of the sea.
Patio of lights
The patio of lights is a fundamental part of the house, as it distributes the air and light that enter through the main skylight. Gaudí extended the patio (there was one and he included a second) to ensure that natural light would reach all of the rooms of the house. He also decorated it with tiles of different blue tones (with more intense colour in the upper part and lighter tiles at the bottom) in order to ensure the uniform distribution of the light.
Following this same logic, the upper windows are smaller and they become bigger as we descend (allowing more light to enter). The lower windows have wooden slits which can be opened or closed for ventilation control.
Gaudí installed the lift in the centre of the patio of lights. Its beautiful original wooden lift car is still in use today.
The Batlló family’s private dining room, located in the centre of the Noble Floor, leads to an exclusive rear courtyard, a small oasis in the middle of the city, designed for its enjoyment in the afternoon. The most noteworthy aspects of this space are its paving and its tile and glass-coated flower pots as its main decorative elements.
The loft is one of the most unique spaces, and is a delightful combination of aesthetics and functionality. It was formerly a service area for the tenants of the building and housed laundry rooms, storage areas, etc.
It is characterised by the simplicity of its shapes, its Mediterranean influence through the use of the colour white, and its all-pervading light. It features a series of 60 catenary arches, creating a space which evokes the ribcage of an animal.
The roof terrace is dominated by what is popularly known as the dragon’s back, which characterises the façade and which has been represented by Gaudí with different coloured tiles.
However, the main focal point of the roof terrace are the 4 crooked and polychrome chimney stacks, designed to prevent backdraughts.
Once again, beauty and functionality are brought together at the most beautiful and emblematic house of Catalan modernism.